Pakistan helped al-Qaeda members launch their operations in Afghanistan in the 1990s and even secretly ran a major training camp used by Osama bin Laden's terror network, according to US intelligence documents made public.
The documents, produced by the Defense Intelligence Agency in the fall of 2001 and declassified in a censored version this past week, also indicate that legendary Afghan guerrilla commander Ahmad Shah Masood may have been killed two days before the September 11 attacks because he had learned something about bin Laden's plan and "began to warn the West."
In its secret dispatches, obtained under the Freedom of Information Act by the National Security Archive, a non-profit research organization here, the DIA warns that the documents represent only raw intelligence.
They nonetheless paint a complex picture of factional rivalry, in which Pakistan had tried to use the Taliban and al-Qaeda to promote its influence in war-torn Afghanistan -- only to eventually lose control over both of them.
"Taliban acceptance and approval of fundamentalist non-Afghans as part of their fighting force were merely an extension of Pakistani policy during the Soviet-Afghan war," said one of the DIA dispatches among US government agencies after the September 11 attacks but before US troops began their operation to root out the Taliban in Afghanistan.
It said Pakistani agents "encouraged, facilitated and often escorted Arabs from the Middle East into Afghanistan."
To make them a more viable fighting force, Pakistan even built a training camp located outside the Afghan village of Zahawa, near the border between the two countries.
According to the DIA, the camp, target of a US missile strike, was built by Pakistani contractors funded by the Pakistan Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate (ISI), and protected by a local and influential Jadran tribal leader called Jalalludin.
"However, the real host of the facility was the Pakistani ISI," said one of the documents, which added that this arrangement raised "serious questions" about early ties between bin Laden and Pakistani intelligence.
The US military fired a volley of cruise missiles into the camp in August 1998 in retaliation to the terrorist bombings earlier that year of the US Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania that left 257 people dead.
chairman of the Pakistan Ulema (Muslim scholars) Council and a
regional government advisor, said: "When the jihad was on, US
airlines used to offer 50 percent rebate to Arabs who would
volunteer to participate in the anti-Soviet war in
Afghanistan," .and "The US military strategists were at
that time living in Pakistan. They provided weapons and selected
the location of training camps in Afghanistan."
claimed that bin Laden was once the US military's "most favorite"
child, who they held up as an inspirational hero to Muslim youth.
news had appalled Abdul HaqIn the 1980s Abdul Haq was the leading
field commander of the Hezb-e Islami party and actively fought the
Soviet troops. He was wounded many times and lost a foot in a mine
After the advent of the Taliban to power Abdul Haq went to
Pakistan to start an opposition to Arabs dictating Afghan policy..
In 1999 unknown armed men killed his wife and son. After that
Abdul Haq went to Dubai (the United Arab Emirates) where he took
up business. restless he returned to Afghanistan in 2001 to help
the Alliance against Taliban and to gather Tribal support in the
South. He had traveled to Kabul and Jalalabad where Pakistani intelligence
ISI quickly notified Al Qaeda that Abdul Haq is gathering
opposition against them, He was captured shot several times and
hung and dealt a severe blow to US alliance with Tribal south until
the emergence of Hamid Karzai