Minister Mohammad Hashem Maiwandwal
- 9 Mizan 1352 (1921-1974)
by Daud Malikyar
Biography of Prime Minister Mohammad
Written by Wali Aria
Translated by Wahid Momand
Maiwandwal was a God fearing, intellectual
and at the service of his beloved people.
Mohammad Hashem maiwandwal was born in a
working class family. And had always
sought justice, humanity in the sense of
human rights, and equality for his
countrymen until he reached a point where
his intellectual ideas and deeds made him
a champion of the afghan people.
Maiwandwal amidst great popularity and
vast contentions with the world and the
people of the world, still had his people
and his struggle to make life better for
his people vanish from his thoughts.
While writing Tafsir Mo’azatain at the
preface he found himself and his reason
for life in a few verses of the great
Afghan poet Maulana Jalaluddin Balkhi Rumi.
had a huge challenge in front of him, like
the vast mountains of Afghanistan his
clear vision was blocked by primitive thinkers and
those who worked for the
enemies of progress in Afghanistan. But
his path towards his goal remained bright
for he didn’t reach it we shall. His
ideas were based on the rules and laws of Islam
and his political views were
intertwined with his knowledge of his
religion and his love for his religion.
The base of his beliefs were:
of the people of Afghanistan
of Good and burial of Evil
equality and human rights for all
would say “ This is a birth right and
our task to fight for rights and
righteousness. In not we well be ashamed
and worthless in the eyes of our creator
and remain engulfed in shame for the rest
of our afterlife.” He also wrote:
“there are those who think of their
religion as a hard and boundless task in
their lives and others form a secular
fundamental and only way of life. For us
the Islam is the light of values which
clears the vision and purifies the heart.
And creates a world of love, brotherhood
and equality.” Maiwandwal after his
study of foreign relations and the roots
of nationalism in Afghanistan forms a
clear line for the establishment of a
autonomous nation and the idea of removing
the hand of powerful nations from the
midst of the poor nations of the world.
And creates two identities for the nation
Internally Afghanistan should create a
state of nationalism and unity, creation
of peace, brotherhood and understanding
between different ethnic groups and
idealistic against foreign puppets,
instigators of unrest and selling out to
Externally this unity will be the basis
independence, and protection of its rights
and a defense against the influences of
Maiwandwal said “we see Afghanistan as
garden where in colorful flowers co exist.
Where each flower helps in the creation of
the scent and beauty of the spring air of
Afghanistan.” Maiwandwal believed that
democracy would not arise from
According to Afghanland.com sources, During
his years as Prime Minister
Maiwandwal created a project called khalqo
ta zo’ (going to the public) where he
visited the people of Afghanistan to find
out their needs and ideals of what a
government should do. His office remained
open for the public to visit their prime
minister and he encourage question and
answer session at the parliament to bring
about a sense of democracy.
Miwandwal’s speech regarding Coup and
governments that raise to power as a
result of coups 2 years prior to
Coup against Mohammad
Shah. Prior to the coup Maiwandwal had
visited abroad to be treated for cancer
and returned to Afghanistan 3 weeks after
the coup and visits with the new head of
state President Daud to rectify any
misunderstanding that might have occurred
while he was abroad.
September 20 1973 Hashem Mainwandwal, Khan
Mohammad Khan Mlastyarr, General Abdul
Razaq Khan, General
General Naseri, General Sahaaq and few
others were arrested and imprison with the
charge of planning a coup against the
government. Without any proof and
witnesses to this account they were
tortured and beaten by high-ranking
generals of Parcham faction of the
communist party of Afghanistan.
On October 1st 1973 the enemies of
democracy and freedom martyred Prime
Minister Mohammad Hashem Maiwandwal after
11 nights of continuous torture. May God
rest his soul.
1921 – Birth of Mohammad Hashem to Poor
family. His father was Mawlawi Abdul
Haleem of Moqor and Mother from the
Ahmadzai family of Province of Logar.
1939 – Mohammad Hashem’s parents along
with his two brothers moved to Ashiqan o harifan
street in Kabul where he began elementary
school at Ghazi School and later joined
1943 – Mohammad hashim graduated from
Lesa Habibya with honors and high grades
and began work at Etifaq Islamic Newspaper
– Became the executive officer at Aryana.
– President of Anis Newspaper and
Minister of information. Where he
published the on goings of the 7th
parliament without censorship.
– Mostashar Ambassador to Washington DC.
- Minister of information for the 2nd
term. Where he made the rules and
regulations and laws of the government
available to the public to read.
– Deputy secretary of foreign affairs,
which lead to his appointment as Afghan ambassador
– Afghan ambassador to Karachi.
– Afghan ambassador to Washington DC
– Afghan ambassador to Pakistan
– Member of Cabinet of Prime Minister
Dr. Mohammad Yousef which lead to his
appointment as the chief organizer of the
– Due illness resigned from his post at
October 1st 1973 the enemies of democracy
and freedom martyred Prime Minister
Mohammad Hashem Maiwandwal after 11 nights
of continuous torture. May God rest his
Speech Explaining Democracy
to testimonies of Sultana Malikyaar
Maiwandwal The wife of Martyred Mohammad Hashem
Maiwandwal. Sultana Maiwandwal hails from
Malikyar Family of the province of Ghazni
to Prime Minister Hashem Maiwandwal’s
Speech in English at
the United Nations grand assembly
regarding the aggression of Israel over
their Arab neighbors.
song Composed by Shah Wali Wali Taranasaz