Sibghatullah Mojaddedi was born in 1925 in Herat province in
western Afghanistan, Pashtun spiritual leader of the
Naqshbandi Sufi order;
designated after Bahauddin Naqshband, who died in1389.
Mujaddedi was the
leading survivor of this extraordinarily influential
family which had emigrated from India at the beginning of the
century. It had played a major role in the revolt against King
Amanullah in 1929 and later became affiliated with the more
conservative dynasty of Nadir Shah and Zahir Shah.
theology and Arabic at the Al Uminium-Azhar in Cairo in 1940
and return in 50's to study Islamic Law.
upon return to Kabul, he beings his tenure at Habibia High
School. He appointed professor at Institute for higher Islamic
studies Kabul, where he made his anti government and
anti soviet feelings heard.
More than 100 of
Sibghatullah Mujaddidi's relatives were massacred at Amin's
command early in 1979. followers.
Few years later he is
arrested because of his criticism of the pro-Soviet course of
the government and spends 3 years in Kabul the prison. Upon
release he moves out of Kabul and in 1979 creates "Jabha e the
Najat e Mili Afghanistan" National Liberation Front of
Afghanistan and starts his resistance fight against the
Army. Without any assistance from nation, he
builds a huge group of followers who join him by mere
recognition of his name and the respected sufi order that he
Mojaddedi is often referred to as Pir, meaning saint or elder,
as he is the oldest member of the Naqshbandi sufi order. His
family holds the rank of pir (saint) in the Sufi
order which is the basis for its large religious following
throughout Afghanistan. Sibghatullah Mojaddedi is a
conservative Maulawi. His party, the essentially consists of
In 1992 after the fall of the communist government in Kabul,
all 7 mujahidin factions met in Peshawar and there It was decided
that a 51 persons body, headed by Hazrat Sahib Sibghatullah
Mojaddedi, would go inside Afghanistan so that they could take
over power from the present rulers of Kabul, completely and
without any terms and conditions during the two months period.
The head of this body will also represent the Presidentship of
the State during these two months. After this period, this
body will remain as an interim Islamic Council, along with the
Transitional State and its Chairmanship will be held by Mr.
Mojaddedi completed his
term in office and returned to private life until 2004 where
he was summoned by the UN and Afghan governing body to head
the Loya Jirga of 2004.