of Zaman Shah (1793-1801)
the death of Timur Shah in 1793 he left behind 36 children and 24
sons. Amongst the 24 Zaman Shah was Timur's favorite and has acted
as Timur Shah's replacement while his father was out of the capital.
To avoid any instability and a quarrel over the throne he jailed his
brothers with the exception of Prince Homayoon who was in Herat who
subsequently fled to Baluschistan.
Zaman Shah's ambitions
was to make the Kingdom of Afghanistan a center of of Art, learning
and civilization as well as cultural and military power in Asia.
While France, Britain and Russia were battling in Europe, Zaman Shah
would create a great army to invade India and keep the Europeans out
of the subcontinent. Payenda Khan, the kings Wazir did not approve
of his ambition to expand the kingdom to include India. With Zaman
Shah's power increasing daily, the Persian empire was uneasy to see
Afghanistan to their east and has armed Zaman Shah's
brother, Homayoon to rebel against the kingdom of Afghanistan and
destabilize the kingdom. Homayoon attacked Kandahar from Persia and
was no match for the Great army of Zaman Shah and he was captured,
blinded and imprisoned in the Bala Hisar
Zaman Shah began
planning his invasion of India and amassed a huge quantity of
equipment while his brother Mahmood with the help of the Persians
and the British had aspiration to become king while Persians and the
British sought a weaker and defragmented Afghanistan to diminish
their challenge to India.
In 1799 several tribal
elders had gathered in Kandahar to elect a new king to replace Zaman
Shah who had greater ambitions than that of the tribes. They had
selected Zaman Shah's brother, Prince Shuja as the new king of
Afghanistan. While hearing this news Zaman Shah
arrested the plotters council and executed them on the crimes of
dethroning the King of Afghanistan while other fled the kingdom.
This action furthered delayed Zaman Shah's ambition to expand his
kingdom and power.
While in exile, Fateh
Khan whose father Payenda Khan was a great wazir in the kingdom had
joined forces with Mahood Khan to fight against Zaman Shah and stop
his expansionist ideas and rather pay more homage and attention to
local tribes of area. Zaman Shah had grown tired of the tribal
system and sought the end of tribalism in Afghanistan which did not
set well with the chiefs. Zaman Shah is a gesture of friendship,
sent the grandsons of King Nadir Shah of Persia whom he had held
prisoner back to Mashad in response to friendly relationship with
the Afghan Kingdom.
In 1800 Zaman Shah began
his invasion of India and while in India, His brother Mahmood Joined
his forces with Fateh Khan and received further aid from the
Persians and the British to defeat Zaman Shah and declare Mahmood
Khan king of Afghanistan. With the support of disfranchised tribal
chiefs, the gates of the kingdom was opened and Mahmood Was declared
the king of Afghanistan. Upon hearing this news, Zaman Shah hurried
back to Kabul to raise an army to fight Mahmood Khan but the
Chindawoli force in Kabul had already made a pact with Mahmood Khan
and defeated the forces of Zaman Shah. Being defenseless Zaman Shah
fled to Jalalabad where he was captured by Fateh Khan and by the
order of Mahmood Khan, Zaman Shah was blinded and imprisoned in the
Bala Hisar prison in Kabul. Prince Mahmood was declared Shah Mahmood
Khan Durrani in 1801.