a country which gave birth to such great warriors as Sultan
Mahmood Ahmad Shah Durrani is also the Home of many Great poets of
the world such as Maulana Jalaluddin Mohammad Balkhi (Rumi)
(1207-1223) Jami of Herat (1414-1492) and more, but the one that
stand apart from the traditional poets is Khoja
Mirza Hazrat Abul Ma'ni Abdul Qader Baydel, the great court poet
of the Moghol Empire Founded by Babur in the mid-16th century. The
Moghol Empire introduced Islam into the rich cultural mix of India
dominated by Hinduism.
The Moghol Empire,
Durring 1526-1761 The reign of Akbar the Great had great interest
in the northwest frontier, Kabul, Qandahar (Kandahar), and Ghazni were
strategically significant; these towns linked India through
overland trade with Central and western Asia and were crucial for
securing horses for the Moghol cavalry.
The emperor encouraged new elements to join his service, and
Afghans came to form an important block of the Moghol nobility. In
this period of time many Afghan families traveled to India to be
closer to the reign of power, including Abul Ma'ni Baydel's family
who had moved from Northern Afghanistan to the court of the great
Moghol king. According to Afghanland.com, Baydel started Learning the art of poetry
writing from the great Afghan Master who were brought from
Afghanistan to teach. Akbar also looked for new men of Indian
background. Indian Afghans, being the principal opponents of the
Moghols, were obviously to be kept at a distance; but the Sayyids
of Baraha, the Bukhari Sayyids, and the Kambus among the Indian
Muslims were specially favored for high military and civil
positions. More significant was the recruitment of Hindu Rajput
leaders into the Moghol nobility. This was a major step, but
Afghans usually had the strongest positions of power in the
Empire. Baydel was born in Patna an Indian city in the BIHAR
province lying 25.33 north 85.18 east 1644 A.D., there Baydel
started his life as a poet and also kept in contact with the
Afghan Sufis, Muslim mystics. Persian or Dari being the court
language of the Moghol Empire had finally found a native master in
Abul Ma'ni Baydel. Baydel's famous poems are recognized for his
difficult style of writing and Deep thoughts that each rhythmic
line holds within, the poems of Abul Ma'ni Abdul Qader Baydel are
usually in a Ghazal Format, which is suitable for the Classical
Rag and Ghazal singers and is the poet of Choice for Afghan
Classical singers. The following is an example of his poetry and
is the first Ghazal from his compiled works.
Only humility can bring you to the high seat of God.
Bow down just a hair, and before Him wear proudly your hat.
The solemn palace of love cannot permit joking gestures.
The eyes, like dew, should receive the seal of a dab of tears.
Non-existence has an image and a world of its own.
Realities are sometimes created in the footprints of passerby.
No one could help rid me of my dual self.
I lowered my head and took refuge in my solitary, inner self.
Vain was my search for Joseph in lust's land of Canaan.
Perhaps I, too, should go into myself and differ a well inside.
If, within your heart flows the never-ending blessing of morning
Your days will never know darkness, though all existence turns
Baydel Moved to Delhi where later he died in 1720 A.D. at the age
of 76. One could see his works on the walls of the ancient castles
specially The RED FORT in Old Delhi. It shows the majesty of
Afghan and their influences throughout the world as nation of
intellect and Artist.
دل انجمن محرم و بیگانه
جز حیرت ادراک درین
در ساز فنا راحت
بالین وفا بیپر پروانه
بیکسب صفا صید معانی چه خیال است
تا سنگ بود شیشه پریخانه
چون شانه کلید سر مویی نتوان شد
تا سینهٔ چاکت همه دندانه
دل زانوی فکرش همه چشم است که مینا
چندانکه خمد بیخط پیمانه
بیساخته حسنیست که دارم به کنارش
مشاطهٔ شوق آینه و شانه
افسون چه ضرور است به عزم مژه بستن
در خواب عدم حاجت
بر اوج مبر پایه اقبال تعین
تا صورت رفتار تو لنگانه
ابرام هوس میکشدت بر در
شاهی اگر این وضع گدایانه
وحدت چهخیال است توان یافت بهکثرت
چون ریشه دوانید نمو، دانه
عالم همه محملکش کیفیت اشک است
این قافله بیلغزش مستانه
دلگرد جنون میکند امروز ببینید